Gasification is mainly a thermo-chemical process that converts organic/ fossil fuel, agro solid waste and bio-solid waste based carbonaceous material in to carbon monoxide, hydrogen and methane as a useful clean and combustible gaseous fuel called PRODUCER GAS or SYNGAS.
This is achieved by reacting these types of material at high temperature without combustion, with a controlled amount of oxygen and steam. The advantage of gasification technology is having more energy efficient than direct combustion of fuel. In early days of gasification technology coal was gasified and was piped to customers for illumination, heating and cooking named was COAL GAS. High prices of fossil fuel like oil and natural gas leaded keen interest in gasification process. Now this technology is widely accepted all over the word and supported and approved by some organizations like UNO, UNDP, DEOUSA, FAO, MNRE……many more.