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The development of Bio-mass Gasification technology over the past 20 years has significantly increased the use of various solid fuels & synthesis gas. The Gasifier is essentially a reactor, where various complex physical & chemical processes take place like Drying, Heating, Pyrolysing, Particle Oxidation & finally Reduction as it flows through it. The gas, which produced is know as Producer Gas.

Direct combustion of biomass is generally inefficient and smoky and cannot be easily controlled. About 200 million tonnes of firewood and an equivalent amount of agricultural residues are burnt annually in India with an approximate end-use efficiency of 10%.
Under controlled conditions characterized by low oxygen supply and high temperatures, most biomass materials can be converted into a gaseous fuel known as producer gas, which has a lower calorific value (1000–1200 kcal/Nm3) but can be burnt with high efficiency and good degree of control without emitting smoke.
In energy terms, the conversion efficiency of the gasification process is in the range of 60%–70%. Usage of Gasifier instead of conventional direct burning devices will lead to savings of a minimum of 50% fuel.

For thermal applications, the technology has been well proven and gasifier systems are already working in the field. The capacity installed so far covers a wide range of applications at different capacities. The Gasifier range is from 900 KW(t) to 7500 KW(t).

The Gasifier can convert any type of coal/Bio-mass into Producer Gas, The chemical composition of Producer Gas are:

CO : 20 ±2%
CH4 : 03 ±1%
H2 : 18 ±2%
CO2 : 11 ±2%
N2 : Rest
 
The lower calorific value is about 1000 – 1200 Kcal/M3.
 
 
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